Closing the Wealth Gap With Personal Retirement Accounts |
June 10, 2013
The annual Trustees Report for Social Security has just been issued, and the
news is that there is no news. Social Security is on its way over a fiscal cliff
– what we hear every year when the report is issued.
According to this year’s report, Social Security will be insolvent in 2033 – 20
years from now - when those now 47 years old will be eligible for their full
But nothing gets done because the heroes representing us in Washington won’t act
on anything politically tough until emergency sirens force them.
Social Security is a tax and spend program, not an investment program. Current
retirees get their money from the payroll taxes paid by those currently working.
As the number of workers per retiree drops, which has been the inexorable trend
as Americans live longer and produce fewer babies, the only way to “save” Social
Security is some combination of tax increases or benefit cuts.
Unfortunately, the only discussions that are now taking place involve trying to
find clever ways to achieve these tax increases and/or benefits cuts.
I think this is a mistake. Social Security was passed in 1935, and its structure
today is basically the same as it was then. Do you know any business that is
operating the same way today that it was three-quarters of a century ago?
I believe that we should rebirth the idea of changing Social Security into a
real retirement investment program. Let’s get off this thing about “saving the
system” and start thinking about making the lives of individual Americans
Does anybody believe that if we were designing a national retirement program
from scratch today we would come up with what we now have? No way. And if not,
it is no excuse to avoid change because it is politically hard.
It was supposedly a given that after the big stock market decline during the
recent recession the idea of personal retirement accounts was dead forever. But
this is like deciding, after getting caught in a rainstorm, to never go outside
Anyone who thinks that investing in the American marketplace over a 45 year
working life won’t pay off doesn’t believe in the future of the country. And if
the country doesn’t have a future, where exactly will the government get money
to pay Social Security benefits?
William Shipman and Peter Ferrara examined a theoretical case of a couple,
earning average incomes, whose social security taxes went into a personal
retirement account broadly diversified in stocks over their full working life,
and who retired in 2009, the year after the stock market crashed in 2008.
The results, published in the Wall Street Journal in 2010, showed that, even
though they would have lost 37 percent in 2008, they still would have retired
with $855,175, which could provide retirement payments 75 percent higher than
those they would have received under Social Security.
When the idea of changing Social Security to personal retirement accounts was
looked at under President G. W. Bush, naysayers on the left pushed back, saying
this was just for rich people.
But it’s actually just the opposite. Rich people already own stocks and build
wealth this way.
It’s low income Americans that need the opportunity to build wealth.
According to the Pew Research Center, 55 percent of white Americans own stocks,
but only 28 percent of blacks and 17 percent of Hispanics do.
Thus, as the stock market has recovered since 2009, the wealth gap has grown
even greater. According to Pew, between 2009 and 2011, the mean net worth of the
wealthiest 7 percent of households increased 28 percent and dropped 4 percent
for the other 93 percent.
It’s time to close the door on a bankrupt, antiquated Social Security system and
give every working American the opportunity to build wealth and share in the
Star Parker is founder and president of CURE, the Center for Urban Renewal
and Education, a 501c3 think tank which explores and promotes market based
public policy to fight poverty, as well as author of the newly revised Uncle
Sam's Plantation: How Big Government Enslaves America's Poor and What We Can do